Adobe Premiere Pro CC (2016)

16. Creating Titles

Lesson overview

In this lesson, you’ll learn about the following:

• Using the Titler

• Working with video typography

• Creating titles

• Stylizing text

• Working with shapes and logos

• Making text roll and crawl

• Working with templates

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This lesson will take approximately 90 minutes.

While you will rely upon audio and video sources as the primary ingredients for building a sequence, you will often need to incorporate text into your project. The Adobe Premiere Pro CC Titler is a powerful tool set for text and shape creation.

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You can use the Titler in Premiere Pro to create text and shapes. You can place these objects above video or use them as stand-alone clips to convey information to an audience.

Getting started

Text is effective when you need to convey information quickly to your audience. For example, you can identify a speaker in your video by superimposing their name and title during the interview (often called a lower-third). You can also use text to identify sections of a longer video (often called bumpers) or to acknowledge the cast and crew (with credits).

Text, properly used, is clearer than a narrator and allows for information to be presented in the middle of dialogue. Text can be used to reinforce key information.

Premiere Pro has a versatile Titler. It offers you a range of text-editing and shape creation tools that you can use to design effective titles. You can use the fonts loaded on your computer (and those available via Adobe Typekit as part of your Creative Cloud membership).

You can also control opacity and color and insert graphic elements or logos created using other Adobe applications, such as Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator. The Titler is a customizable and powerful tool.

1. Switch to the Effects workspace by clicking Effects on the Workspaces panel or by choosing Window > Workspaces > Effects.

2. Reset the workspace by clicking the Effects menu on the Workspace panel and choosing Reset to Saved Layout or by choosing Window > Workspaces > Reset to Saved Layout.

An overview of the Titler window

Let’s start with some preformatted text and modify it. This is a good way to get an overview of the powerful features of the Premiere Pro Titler. Later in this lesson, you’ll build titles from scratch.

1. Open the project Lesson 16.prproj.

The sequence 01 Clouds should already be open. If not, open it now.

2. Double-click the clip Title Start in the Project panel.

This is a Premiere Pro title, so it opens in the Titler, with the title displayed over the current frame in the Program Monitor. The text object should be selected by default; if not, choose the Selection tool (Image) and click once to choose it.

Here’s a quick rundown of the Titler’s panels:

• Title Tools panel: These tools select objects, set text position, define text boundaries, set text paths, and select geometric shapes.

• Title Designer panel: This is where you build and view text and graphics.

• Title Properties panel: Here you’ll find text and graphic options, including font characteristics and effects.

• Title Actions panel: You’ll use these to align, center, or distribute text and groups of objects.

• Title Styles panel: Here you’ll find preset text styles.

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3. Click a few thumbnails in the Title Styles panel to acquaint yourself with the default styles available.

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Each time you click a style, Premiere Pro changes the selected object to that style. Some of the styles are so large that some of the text disappears off-screen; you’ll adjust these settings shortly. When you’re finished looking at styles, choose the style Adobe Garamond White 90, the seventh from the left (shown here).

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4. Click the Font Browser menu at the top of the Titler. This is a duplicate of the Font Browser menu in the Properties panel.

5. Scroll through the fonts. Each time you choose a new font, the text updates. If you click into the menu without using the drop-down option, you can use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow keys on your keyboard to choose different fonts.

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The specific fonts loaded on each system will vary, and your Adobe Creative Cloud membership includes access to many more fonts than you will have available to begin with.


Image Note

You may have to expand the window to see all the Title Properties options.


6. Click the Font Family menu in the Title Properties panel, on the right side of the Titler. This is another way to change fonts in the Titler. Experiment with changing the font through this panel. You can also experiment with the Font Style menu.


Image Tip

You may need to manually resize the text box container to see the text properly when you increase the font size.


7. When you’ve finished experimenting, choose the Caslon Pro 68 Title style.

8. Change the font size to 140 by typing 140 in the Font Size field or by dragging the Size number until it reaches 140.

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9. In case the text has moved when selecting it, click the Center button to center the text.

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Image Note

With all the clicking and testing, it’s easy to accidentally deselect the text. If there’s no bounding box with handles around the text, select it using the Selection tool (in the upper-left corner of the Titler) by clicking anywhere in the text.


10. In the Title Properties panel, change Tracking to 25.0. Tracking changes the spacing between the characters.

Let’s add a drop shadow.

11. In the Title Properties panel, enable the Shadow option. Change Shadow Distance to 10, Shadow Size to 15, and Shadow Spread to 45. You can enter numbers into each field or drag the numbers to scrub their values.

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12. In the Title Actions panel, click the Horizontal Center and Vertical Center buttons to align the text object to the absolute center of the screen.

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Your screen should look like this.


Image Note

Premiere Pro automatically saves your updated title in the project file. It does not show up as a separate file on your hard drive.


13. Close the Titler by clicking the x in the upper-right corner (Windows) or the Close button in the upper-left corner (Mac OS).

14. Drag the Title Start clip from the Project panel to the V2 track on the Timeline, trim it so it fits above the video clip, and drag the playhead through it to see how it looks over that video clip.

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Using titles in other projects

You’re likely to create common titles for locations and speaker names that you will want to use in multiple projects. Premiere Pro does not automatically save titles as separate files, but you can do so manually.

To make a title available for use in another project, select the title in the Project panel, choose File > Export > Title, give your title a name, choose a location, and click Save. You can import that title file the same way you would import any other asset.


Mastering video typography essentials

When you design text for video, it’s essential that you follow typography conventions. If text is composited over a moving video background with multiple colors, it can take some work to create a clear design.


Image Tip

If you’d like to learn more about typography, consider the book Stop Stealing Sheep & Find Out How Type Works, Third Edition (Adobe Press, 2013), by Erik Spiekermann.


Find a balance between legibility and style, making sure enough information is on the screen without crowding it. If there’s too much text, it will quickly become hard to read, frustrating the viewer.

Font choice

Your computer probably has many fonts, which can make choosing a good font for video work difficult. To simplify the selection process, try using a triage mentality and consider these factors:

• Readability: Is the font easy to read at the size you’re using? Are all the characters readable? If you look at it quickly and then close your eyes, what do you remember about the text block?

• Style: Using adjectives only, how would you describe the font you’ve chosen? Does the font convey the right emotion? Type is like a wardrobe or a haircut; picking the right font is essential to the overall success of the design.

• Flexibility: Does the font mix well with others? Does it come in various weights (such as bold, italic, and semibold) that make it easier to convey significance? Can you create a hierarchy of information that conveys different kinds of information, such as a name and title for a speaker’s lower-third name graphic?

The answers to these guiding principles should help steer you toward better-designed titles. You may need to experiment to find the best font. Fortunately, you can easily modify an existing title or duplicate it and change the copy for a side-by-side comparison.

Color choice

Although you can create a nearly infinite number of possible color combinations, choosing the right colors to use in a design can be surprisingly tricky. This is because only a few colors work well for text while remaining clear for the viewer. This task becomes even more difficult if you’re editing your video for broadcast or if your design must match the style and branding of a series or product. The text may also need to work when placed over a busy moving background.

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White text has good readability over a dark background.

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This blue text is more difficult to read because it’s a similar color and tone to the sky.


Image Note

When creating text for use in a video, you will often find yourself placing it over a background that has many colors present. This will make it difficult to achieve proper contrast (which is essential to preserving legibility). To help in this case, you may need to add a stroke or shadow to get a contrasting edge.


While it may feel a little conservative, the most common color for text in video is white. Not surprisingly, the second most popular color is black. If colors are used, they tend to be very light or very dark shades. Lighter colors that work well include light yellow, light blue, gray, and tan. Darker colors that can work include navy and forest green. The color you choose must provide suitable contrast from the background that the text is being placed over. This is why it’s so helpful to have the current video frame displayed in the background of the Title Designer.

Kerning

It’s common to adjust the spacing between the letters in a title to improve the appearance of text and help match it to the design of the background. This process is called kerning. Taking the time to manually adjust text becomes more important the larger the font gets (because it makes improper kerning that much more visible). The goal is to improve the appearance and readability of your text while creating optical flow.


Image Tip

A common place to start kerning is to adjust between an initial capital letter and the succeeding lowercase letters, particularly in the case of a letter with very little “base,” such as T, which creates the illusion of excessive space along the baseline.


You can learn a lot about kerning by studying professionally designed materials such as posters and magazines.

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The original kerning is a bit loose in spots.

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After adjusting kerning manually, the overall readability improves.

Kerning is easy to adjust.

1. Double-click a text box in the Title Designer to edit the contents, or click the text box with the Type tool. Once inside the text box, you can move the blinking I-bar using the arrow keys.

2. When the I-bar is between the two letters you want to kern, hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS).

3. Press the Left Arrow key to pull the letters closer or the Right Arrow key to push them farther apart. You can also use the Kerning control in the Properties panel.

4. Move to the next letter pair and adjust as needed.

Tracking

Another important text property is tracking (which is similar to kerning). This is the overall control of spacing between all the letters in a line of text. Tracking can be used to globally condense or expand a line of text.

It’s often employed in the following scenarios:

• Tighter tracking: If a line of text is too long (such as a lengthy title for a speaker’s lower-third), you may tighten it slightly to fit. This will keep the font size the same but fit more text into the available space.

• Looser tracking: A looser track can be useful when using all uppercase letters or if you need to apply an outside stroke to the text. It’s used often for large titles or when text is used as a design or motion graphics element.

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Tracking is combined with the use of the Small Caps option to create a stylized title that is still easy to read.

You can adjust tracking in the Title Properties panel of the Premiere Pro Titler.

Leading

Kerning and tracking control the horizontal space between characters. Leading (pronounced “led-ing”) controls the vertical space between lines of text. The name comes from the time when strips of lead were used on a printing press to create space between lines of text.

You adjust the leading in the Title Properties panel.

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The original leading causes the two lines of text to become difficult to read. Notice the way the P in the first line is touching the text on the second line.

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Increasing the leading adds space between lines and improves readability.

In most cases, you’ll find the default setting of Auto works well for leading. Adjusting leading can have a big impact on your title. Don’t set the leading too tight; otherwise, descenders from the top line (such as the downward lines on jpq, and z) will cross ascenders from the lower line (like the upward lines on bdk, and l). This collision will likely make the text more difficult to read.


Image Note

When setting text, you can click and type (called point text), or you can drag using the Type tool to define a text box first. This is called Area Type and offers greater control over alignment and layout, though you need to remember to resize the box if your text gets too big.


Alignment

While you may be used to seeing text left-justified for things like a newspaper, there are no hard-and-fast rules for aligning video text. Generally, text used for a lower-third title is left- or right-justified.

On the other hand, you’ll often center text used in a title sequence or segment bumper. In the Titler, you’ll find buttons to align your text left, right, or centered.

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Safe title margin

When you’re designing in the Titler, you’ll see a series of two nested boxes. The first box shows you 90 percent of the viewable area, which is considered the action-safe margin. Things that fall outside this box may get cut off when the video signal is viewed on a television monitor. Be sure to place all critical elements that are meant to be seen (like a logo) in this region.


Image Note

You can turn off the title-safe margins or action-safe margins by opening the Titler panel menu (or choosing Title > View) and then choosing Safe Title Margin or Safe Action Margin.


The second box, which is 80 percent of the viewable area, is called the title-safe zone. Just as this book you’re reading has margins to keep the text from getting too close to the edge, it’s a good idea to keep text inside the innermost, or title-safe, zone. This will make it easier for your audience to read the information.

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This image is too close to the edge (and outside the title-safe margin).

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This image shows the text properly positioned inside the title-safe margin, which makes it more readable and visible even on a badly calibrated screen.

Creating titles

When you create a title, you’ll need to make some choices about how the text is displayed. The Titler panel offers three approaches to creating text, each offering both horizontal and vertical text direction options.

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• Point text: This approach builds a text bounding box as you type. The text runs on one line until you press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS) or until you choose Title > Word Wrap. Changing the shape and size of the box changes the shape and size of the text.

• Paragraph (area) text: You set the size and shape of the text box before entering text. Changing the box size later displays more or less text but does not change the shape or size of the text.

• Text on a path: You build a path for the text to follow by clicking points in the text screen to create curves and then adjusting the shape and direction of those curves using the handles.

In the Title Tools panel, you can select a tool from the left or right column. This determines whether the text will appear horizontally or vertically.

Adding point text

Now that you have a basic understanding of how to modify and design a title, let’s build one from scratch, working with a new sequence.

You’ll create a new title to help promote a tourist destination.

1. If the Title panel is open, close it and then open the sequence 02 Cliff.

2. Open the New Title dialog by choosing File > New > Title or by pressing Control+T (Windows) or Command+T (Mac OS).

3. Type The Dead Sea in the Name box and click OK.

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Image Tip

Dragging the timecode with the text screen displayed is a useful way to position text relative to the video contents. You can also use it to evaluate how the text looks over your video and make adjustments to improve readability. The video frame displayed behind the title is not saved with the title. It’s there only as a reference for positioning and styling your title.


4. Try changing the background video frame by dragging the timecode next to the Show Background Video button. You can also move the Timeline playhead to change the background image in the Titler, but it may be hidden by the Titler frame.

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5. Click the Show Background Video button to hide the video clip.

The background now shows a grayscale checkerboard, which represents transparency. If you reduce the opacity of text or graphics, you’ll see some of the background show through.

6. Click the Myriad Pro White 25 style, selected at the bottom right of this image.

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7. Click the Type tool (Image, or shortcut T) and click anywhere in the Title Designer.


Image Tip

If you hover your cursor over a style, its name will appear in a tool tip.


The Type tool creates point text.

8. Type THE DEAD SEA to match the text in the figure.

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Image Tip

If you type a long title, you’ll notice that point text does not wrap automatically, so your text will run off the screen. To make text wrap when it reaches the title-safe margin, choose Title > Word Wrap. If you want to force a new line to start, press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS).


The text is too small, but you can fix that easily.

9. Click the Selection tool (Image) in the upper-left corner of the Title Tools panel. Handles appear on the text bounding box.

You won’t be able to use a keyboard shortcut for the Selection tool because you’re typing into a text bounding box.

10. Drag the corners and edges of the text bounding box. Notice that the settings for Font Size, Width, and Height change as you do. Hold the Shift key to constrain the text so it scales uniformly.

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11. Hover the pointer just outside a corner of the text box until a curved pointer appears. This allows you to rotate the text box. Drag to rotate the bounding box off its horizontal orientation.

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Image Tip

Instead of dragging bounding box handles, you can change the Transform settings in the Title Properties panel. Your changes will show up immediately in the bounding box (as long as it is selected).


12. With the Selection tool still active, click anywhere in the bounding box and drag the text and its bounding box somewhere else in the Title Designer.

Try to approximately match this look. Adjust the size, rotation, and position of the text using the techniques you’ve learned so far.

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Adding paragraph text

While point text is flexible, you can take better control over layout with paragraph text. This option will automatically wrap the text as it reaches the edge of the paragraph text box.

Continue working with the same title.

1. Click the Area Type tool (Image) in the Title Tools panel.

2. Drag in the Title Designer to create a text box that fills the lower-left corner of the title-safe area.

3. Start typing. Start entering names of participants who will be attending the tour. Use the names here or add your own.

Type enough characters to go beyond the end of the text box. You’ll need to reduce the font size so you can see a few lines of text at once. Unlike point text, area text remains within the confines of the bounding box you defined, and it wraps at the edges of the box.

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The text in this screen is too large to fit on one line, so it wraps to the next.

4. Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS) to go down a line.

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5. Click the Selection tool and change the size and shape of the bounding box to fit around the text a little better.

As you resize the text box, the text stays the same size, adjusting its position in the text box. If you make the box too small to fit all your text, the extra text scrolls below the bottom edge of the text box, and a small plus sign (+) appears near the lower-right corner outside the box.

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Image Tip

A good way to avoid spelling mistakes is to copy and paste text from an approved script or email that has already been reviewed by your client or producer.


6. Close the title.

Because Premiere Pro automatically saves text to the project file, you can switch to a new or different title without losing your work.

Stylizing text

Earlier, you experimented with title styles. Title styles are fast and easy, but they’re just the beginning. You can use the Title Properties panel to take precise control over the appearance of your text.

Changing a title’s appearance

In the Title Properties panel, you’ll find lots of options for modifying the appearance of text. You can improve the readability of your type and its overall appearance. It’s easy to overdo it and add too many effects, which might produce amateurish results and affect readability. Now is the perfect time to turn everything on and make the most garish text you can (professionally, you might not get it signed off).

Here are some of the most useful tools for modern typographic design. You’ll find them in the Title Properties panel.

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Image Tip

Instead of using the Color Picker to change the Color Stop color, you can use the Eyedropper tool (located next to the color swatch) to select a color from your video. Click the Show Video button at the top of the Titler panel, move to a frame you want to use by scrubbing the timecode numbers left or right, and use the Eyedropper tool to select a color that suits your needs.


• Fill Type: There are several choices of fill type. The most popular ones are Solid and Linear Gradient, but you will also find gradient, bevel, and ghosting options.


Image Note

If you see an exclamation point next to the color you’ve chosen, Premiere Pro is warning you that a color is not broadcast-safe. This means it can cause problems when the video signal is put into a broadcast environment (and can be problematic when burned to a DVD or Blu-ray Disc). Click the exclamation point to automatically choose the closest color that is still broadcast-safe.


• Color: Set the color for your text. You can click the swatch or enter numerical values in the Color Picker, or you can use the Eyedropper tool to sample color from anywhere on your computer screen. If you start with a sample from your video and then adjust the color using the Color Picker, you can create titles that are clear to read and match the mood of the background.

• Sheen: A gentle highlight can add depth to your title. Be sure to adjust the size and opacity so the effect is subtle.

• Stroke: You can click to add inner and outer strokes. Strokes can be solid or gradient and add a thin edge to the outside of the text. Adjust the opacity of a gradient to create a gentle glow or soft edge. A stroke is commonly used to help keep text legible over moving video or a complex background.

• Shadow: A drop shadow is a common addition to video text because it makes the text easier to read. Be sure to adjust the softness of the shadow. Also, be sure to keep the angle of shadows identical for all titles in a project for consistency.

1. In the Project panel, double-click the title The Dead Sea to open it in the Titler.

2. Click the Show Background Video button to see the title over the video source.

The text is hard to read against the bright areas of cloud and rock in the picture.

3. Experiment with the options in the Title Properties panel to make the text more readable.

4. Continue designing until you have a look that is visually pleasing to you.

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Saving custom styles

If you create a look you like, you can save time by storing it as a style. A style describes the color and font characteristics for text. You can use a style to change the appearance of text with a single click; all the properties of the text update to match the preset.

Let’s create a style from the text you modified in the previous exercise.

1. Continuing to work on the same title, use the Selection tool to select a text object that has the properties you want to save.

2. In the Title Styles panel menu (Image), choose New Style.

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3. Enter a name and click OK. The style is added to the Title Styles panel.

4. To view styles more easily, you can click the Title Styles panel menu and choose to view the presets as Text Only, Small Thumbnails, or Large Thumbnails.

5. To manage a style, right-click its thumbnail. You can choose to duplicate a style to modify a copy, rename a style so it’s easier to find, or delete a style if you want to remove it.

6. Close the title to store its changes.

Creating an Adobe Photoshop graphic or title

You can create titles or graphics for Premiere Pro in Adobe Photoshop. While Photoshop is known as the premier tool for modifying photos, it also has many capabilities for creating elegant titles or logo treatments. Photoshop offers several advanced options, including anti-aliasing (for smoother text), advanced formatting (such as scientific notation), flexible layer styles, and even a spell checker.

Try creating a new Photoshop document from inside Premiere Pro.

1. Go to File > New > Photoshop File.

2. The New Photoshop File dialog appears, with settings based on your current sequence.

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3. Click OK.

4. Choose a location to store your new PSD file, name it, and click Save.

5. Photoshop opens, ready for you to edit the file.

Photoshop automatically displays safe action and safe title zones in the form of guides. These guides won’t appear in the finished image.

6. Select the Text tool by pressing T.

7. Draw a text block, and by dragging, draw from the upper-left corner of the title-safe area to the lower-right corner. This creates a paragraph text box to hold the text. As in Premiere Pro, using a paragraph text box in Photoshop allows you to precisely control the layout of text.

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8. Enter some text you’d like to use.

9. Adjust the font, color, and point size to taste using the controls in the Options bar across the top of the screen.

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10. Click the Commit button (Image) in the Options bar to commit the text layer.

11. Add a drop shadow by choosing Layer > Layer Style > Drop Shadow. Adjust to taste.

When you’re finished in Photoshop, you can save and close the file. It will already be in your Project panel in the Premiere Pro project.

If you’d like to edit the title in Photoshop, select it in the Project panel or Timeline and choose Edit > Edit in Adobe Photoshop. When you save changes in Photoshop, the title updates automatically in Premiere Pro.

Working with shapes and logos

When building titles for your program, you’ll likely need more than just words to build a complete graphic. Fortunately, Premiere Pro also offers the ability to create vector shapes that can be filled and stylized to create graphic elements. Many of the title properties you worked with for text also apply to shapes. You can also import completed graphics (like a logo) to enhance your Premiere Pro title.

Creating shapes

If you’ve created shapes in graphics-editing software such as Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator, you’ll find creating geometric objects in Premiere Pro similar.

Select from the various shapes in the Title Tools panel, drag and draw the outline, and release the mouse button.

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Follow these steps to draw shapes in Premiere Pro. (This exercise is just for practice.)

1. Press Control+T (Windows) or Command+T (Mac OS) to open a new title.

2. Type Shapes Practice in the Name box in the New Title dialog and click OK.

3. Click the Show Background Video button to hide the video preview.

4. Select the Rectangle tool (R) and drag in the Titler panel to create a rectangle.

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5. Try a few title styles while the rectangle is still selected.

Title styles affect shapes as well as text.

6. Hold the Shift key as you drag in another location to create a square. The Shift key locks the aspect ratio of shapes.

7. Select the Rounded Corner Rectangle tool and Alt-drag (Windows) or Option-drag (Mac OS) to draw from the center of the shape.

The center remains in the spot where you first clicked, and the figure changes shape and size around that point as you drag.

8. Select the Clipped Corner Rectangle tool and Shift-Alt-drag (Windows) or Shift-Option-drag (Mac OS) to constrain the aspect ratio and draw from the center.

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9. Press Control+A (Windows) or Command+A (Mac OS) and then press Delete to make another clean slate.

10. Select the Line tool (L) and drag to create a single line.

11. Select the Pen tool and click in a blank area of the Title Designer to create an anchor point (don’t drag to create handles).

12. Click somewhere else in the Title Designer to create a path. This creates another anchor point.


Image Tip

Shift-click to constrain the segment’s angle to a multiple of 45 degrees.


13. Keep clicking with the Pen tool to create additional straight segments. The last anchor point you add appears as a large square to show it’s selected.

14. Complete the path by doing one of the following:

• Close the path by moving the Pen tool to the first anchor point. When you hover the cursor over the first anchor point, a little circle appears underneath the Pen pointer. Click to close the path.

• To leave the path open, Control-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS) anywhere away from all objects. Alternatively, select a different tool in the Title Tools panel.

15. Experiment with the different shape options. Try overlapping them and using different styles. The possibilities are endless.


Image Note

If you place a vector graphic into a title, Premiere Pro converts it into a bitmap graphic at its original size. You can scale the graphic smaller, but if you make it larger, the image may become pixelated.


16. Close the current title.

Adding a graphic

You can add image files to your title designs using common file formats, including vectors (.ai, .eps) and still images (.psd, .png, .jpeg).

1. In the Project panel, double-click the file Lower-Third Start clip to open the title in the Titler Designer.

2. Choose Title > Graphic > Insert Graphic.

3. Select the file logo.ai from the Lessons/Assets/Graphics folder and click Open.

4. With the Selection tool, drag the logo to position it where you want it in the title. Then adjust the size, opacity, rotation, or scale of the logo. Hold down the Shift key to constrain proportions when you scale to prevent unwanted distortion.

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Image Note

To restore a graphic to its original size, select it and choose Title > Graphic > Restore Graphic Size. If you accidentally distorted the logo, select the logo and choose Title > Graphic > Restore Graphic Aspect Ratio.


5. When finished, close the title.

Aligning shapes and logos

As you design titles, you’ll often want to keep the design uniform and neat. The Premiere Pro Titler can align and distribute elements in a title. The options in the Align panel set the position for multiple objects to match, such as the bottom edges or centers of two or more items. You can also take three or more objects and space them evenly in relation to one another.

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1. In the Project panel, double-click the file Align Start to open the title in the Titler.

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This title contains three shapes that are randomly positioned on the screen.

2. Use the Selection tool to lasso across all three squares, selecting them all.

When more than one object is selected, the Align tools become available.

3. Click the Align Vertical Bottom button (Image) to align the bottom edges of the three objects.

The three objects are now aligned, based on the lowest edge of the lowest object in the composition.

4. Click the Horizontal Center Distribute button (Image) to space the three objects equally from one another.

The objects are now evenly spaced and aligned with one another. Now, let’s space them in relation to the canvas.

5. Click both the Horizontal Center and Vertical Center buttons.

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You should have three perfectly aligned squares centered in the title area.

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6. When finished, close the title.

Making text roll and crawl

You can easily make rolling text for opening and closing credits and crawling text for items such as headline bulletins.


Image Tip

It’s often easier to write your credits in a word-processing application or text document. You can then copy and paste rather than type them into a title.


1. Choose Title > New Title > Default Roll.

2. Name your title Rolling Credits and click OK.

3. Select the Type tool and then type some text with the Caslon Pro 68 style (remember, you can view the title styles as a list by choosing the option in the panel menu).

Create placeholder credits as shown here, pressing Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS) after each line. Type enough text to more than fill the screen vertically. Use the Title Properties panel to format your text as desired.

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Image Note

With rolling text enabled, the Titler automatically adds a scrollbar along the right side of the Title Designer so you can view text that runs off the bottom of the screen. If you select a crawl option, the scrollbar appears at the bottom of the screen.


4. Click the Roll/Crawl Options button (Image).

You have the following options:

• Still: This sets the title as a still.

• Roll (scroll text vertically): This sets the title to scroll vertically.

• Crawl Left, Crawl Right: These set the title to scroll horizontally left or right.

• Start Off Screen: This sets whether the credit begins off-screen and rolls on or whether it begins where you placed it in the Title Designer.

• End Off Screen: This indicates whether the credits roll completely off the screen or end onscreen.

• Preroll: This sets the number of frames to delay before the first words appear onscreen.

• Ease-In: This specifies the number of frames at the beginning to gradually increase the speed of the roll or crawl from zero to full speed.

• Ease-Out: This specifies the number of frames to slow down the speed of the roll or crawl at the end.

• Postroll: This specifies the number of frames that play after the roll or crawl ends.

5. Select Start Off Screen and End Off Screen and click OK.

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Image Note

The length of a rolling or crawling title on the Timeline defines the playback speed. A shorter title will roll or crawl faster than a long one.


6. Close the Titler.

7. Drag your newly created Rolling Credits title onto the Video 2 track of the Timeline above the video clip (if you have another title there, drag this one on top of it to perform an overlay edit).

8. Trim the duration of the new Rolling Credits title clip to the same length as the clip on the Video 1 track.

9. With the sequence selected, press the spacebar to view your rolling credits.

Review questions

1. What are the differences between point text and paragraph (or area) text?

2. Why display the title-safe zone?

3. Why might the Align tools be dimmed?

4. How do you use the Rectangle tool to make a perfect square?

5. How do you apply a stroke or drop shadow?

Review answers

1. You create point text with the Type tool. Its text box expands as you type. Changing the text box shape changes the text size and shape accordingly. When you use the Area Type tool, you define a bounding box, and the characters remain within its confines. Changing the box’s shape displays more or fewer characters.

2. Some TV sets cut off the edges of the picture. The amount lost varies from set to set. Keeping your text within the title-safe margin ensures that viewers will see all your title. This is less of a problem with newer flat-screen TVs, but it’s still a good idea to use the title-safe zone to frame your titles.

3. The Align tools are active only if more than one object is selected in the Titler. The Distribute tools also become active when more than two objects are selected.

4. To create a perfect square, hold down the Shift key as you draw using the Rectangle tool.

5. To apply a stroke or drop shadow, select the text or object to edit, and use the Stroke (Outer or Inner) or Shadow properties to add a stroke or a drop shadow.