Switching to the Mac: The Missing Manual, Mavericks Edition (2014)

Part V. Appendixes

Appendix D. The Master OS X Keystroke List

Here it is, by popular, frustrated demand: the master list of every secret (or not-so-secret) keystroke in OS X, including all the keys you can press during startup. Clip and post to your monitor (unless, of course, you got this book from the library).

NOTE

For the most part, the following list doesn’t include the keystrokes already listed in your menus, like ⌘-P for Print, ⌘-S for Save, and so on.

Startup Keystrokes

Startup Keystrokes

Keys to Hold Down

Effect

C

Starts up from a CD or DVD

N

Starts up from a network server

R

Resets the laptop screen

⌘-R

Starts Recovery Mode

T

Puts the Mac into FireWire or Thunderbolt Target Disk mode

Option

Shows icons of all startup disks and partitions, so you can choose one for starting up

Shift-Option-⌘-Delete

Starts up from external drive (or CD)

Option-⌘-P-R

Zaps the parameter RAM (PRAM) (hold down until you hear the second chime)

⌘-V

Shows Unix console messages during startup, logout, and shutdown

⌘-S

Starts up in single-user (Unix command-line) mode

Mouse down

Ejects a stuck CD or DVD

6 and 4 keys

Starts up in 64-bit mode

Shift

Just after powering up: Turns off kernel extensions

Shift

Just after logging in: Prevents Finder windows and startup items from opening (they’ll return the next time you start up)

In the Finder

⌘-space

Highlights Spotlight box

Option-⌘-space

Opens Spotlight window

Expands or collapses a selected folder in list view

Option-

Expands a folder in a list view and all folders inside it

Option-

Collapses a folder and all folders inside it

⌘-

Opens parent folder

Shift-Option-⌘-

Selects the desktop

⌘- (or ⌘-O)

Opens the selected icon

Option-click the flippy triangle

Expands or collapses all folders within that window

Tab

Selects next icon alphabetically

Shift-Tab

Selects previous icon alphabetically

space bar

Opens Quick Look preview of highlighted icon(s)

space bar

During a spring-loaded folder drag, opens the disk or folder under the mouse immediately

Option-click Zoom button

Enlarges the window to full screen

Option-click Close button

Closes all Finder windows

Option-click Minimize button

Minimizes all windows (works in most apps)

⌘-drag an icon

Moves it into, or out of, the System folder (administrator password required)

Option

Changes Quick Look button to Slideshow button

⌘-drag

Rearranges or removes menulets or toolbar icons

⌘-click window title

Opens a pop-up menu showing the folder path

 Menu

Option

Changes “About This Mac” to “System Information”

Shift-⌘-Q

Logs out

Shift-Option-⌘-Q

Logs out without confirmation box

Finder Menu

Option

Eliminates the confirmation box from Empty Trash and Secure Empty Trash

Shift-⌘-Delete

Empties the Trash

Shift-⌘-Delete

Puts back a highlighted icon in the Trash

Shift-Option-⌘-Delete

Empties the Trash without confirmation box

Option-Empty Trash

Empties the Trash without confirmation box

⌘-comma

Opens Preferences

⌘-H

Hide this program

Shift-⌘-H

Hide other programs

File Menu

⌘-N

New Finder window

⌘-T

New Finder tab

Shift-⌘-N

New folder

Option-⌘-N

New smart folder

⌘-O or ⌘-

Open

Control-⌘-O

Open in new window

Option-click File menu

Changes “Open With” to “Always Open With”

⌘-W

Close window

Option-⌘-W

Close All

⌘-I

Get Info

Option-⌘-I

Show Inspector

Control-⌘-I

Summary Info (of selected icons)

⌘-D

Duplicate

⌘-L

Make Alias

⌘-Y

Quick Look

Option-⌘-Y

Slideshow (of selected icons)

⌘-R

Show Original (of alias)

⌘-T

Add to Sidebar

Shift-⌘-T

Add to Favorites

⌘-Delete

Move to Trash

⌘-E

Eject

⌘-F

Find

Shift-⌘-F

Find by Name

Edit Menu

⌘-Z

Undo

⌘-C, ⌘-X, ⌘-V

Copy, Cut, Paste

Shift-⌘-V

Move copied icons to this window

⌘-A

Select All

Option-⌘-A

Deselect All

View Menu

⌘-1, -2, -3, -4

Icon, list, column, Cover Flow views

Control-⌘-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6

Arrange by Name, Date Modified, Date Created, Size, Kind, Label

Option

Changes “Clean Up Selection” to “Clean Up”

Option

Changes “Arrange By” to “Sort By”

Shift-Option-T

Show/hide Tabs bar

Option-⌘-P

Show/hide Path bar

Option-⌘-T

Show/hide Toolbar

Option-⌘-S

Show/hide Sidebar

⌘-/

Show/hide Status bar

⌘-J

Show/hide View Options palette

Control-⌘-F

Full Screen mode

Go Menu

⌘-[, ⌘-]

Back, Forward

⌘-

Enclosing folder

Control-⌘-

Enclosing folder in new window

Option-⌘-T

Show/Hide Toolbar

Shift-⌘-F

All My Files window

Shift-⌘-O

Documents window

Shift-⌘-D

Desktop window

Option-⌘-L

Downloads window

Shift-⌘-H

Home window

Option

Makes Library command appear

Shift-⌘-C

Computer window

Shift-⌘-R

AirDrop window

Shift-⌘-K

Network window

Shift-⌘-A

Applications window

Shift-⌘-G

Go to Folder

⌘-K

Connect to Server

Window Menu

⌘-M

Minimize

Option-⌘-M

Minimize All

Option

Changes “Bring All to Front” to “Arrange in Front”

Help Menu

Shift-⌘-?

Opens help search box

Power Keys

Control-

Brings up dialog box for Shut Down, Sleep, or Restart

Option-⌘-

Sleep

Control-Option-⌘-

Shut Down

Control-⌘-

Restart

The Dock

Option-click a Dock icon

Switches to new program and hides previous one

Option-⌘-D

Hides/shows the Dock

⌘-click a Dock or Stacks icon

Reveals its actual Finder icon

Option-⌘-click a Dock icon

Switches to this program and hides all others

Control-click a Dock icon

Opens a shortcut menu

Hold mouse down on Dock app icon

Triggers Exposé (shows all windows of that app in miniature)

⌘-drag an icon onto a Dock icon

Prevents Dock icons from moving, so you can drop your icon onto one of them

⌘-drag a Dock icon

Drags the actual item

Option-⌘-drag an icon onto the Dock

Forces a Dock program to open the icon you’re dropping on it

Managing Programs

Option-click a Dock icon

Switches to new program and hides the previous one

Option-click in a window

Switches to new program and hides the previous one

⌘-H

Hide this program’s windows (works in most apps)

Option-⌘-H

Hide all other programs’ windows (most apps)

Control-

Previous/next Spaces screen

F9

Exposé: Shrinks and tiles all windows in all programs

Shift-F9

Exposé: Shrinks and tiles all windows in slow motion

F10

Exposé: Shrinks and tiles all windows in frontmost program

F11

Exposé: Flings all windows in all programs to edges of screen, revealing desktop

F12

Dashboard widgets

⌘-Tab

Press and release: Switches back and forth between current and previous open program

⌘-Tab

Hold down ⌘: Displays floating icons of open programs. Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through them. (Add Shift to cycle backward through open programs on the Dock.)

⌘-~

Switches to next open window in this program. (Add Shift to cycle in the opposite direction.)

Option-⌘-Esc

Opens the Force Quit dialog box (to close a stuck program)

Shift-⌘-3

Captures the screen image as a PNG file on your desktop

Shift-⌘-4

Produces a crosshairs; drag to capture a selected portion of the screen as a PNG graphics file. (Press space to get the “camera” cursor that snips out just a menu, icon, or window.)

⌘-space

Switches keyboard layout (if more than one is installed). (If you use Spotlight, you must choose a different keystroke for this function.)

Dialog Boxes

⌘-comma

Opens Preferences dialog box (any Apple program)

Esc

“Clicks” the Cancel button in a dialog box

Enter or Return

“Clicks” the OK button (or other blue, highlighted button) in a dialog box

Option-⌘-F

Moves the insertion point to the search box in most Apple programs

⌘-D, ⌘-R

“Clicks” the Don’t Save or Replace button

Trackpad Gestures

You can change many of these gestures, or turn them on and off, in the Trackpad pane of System Preferences. But here are the factory settings:

Two-finger click

Right-click

Two-finger drag up/down

Scroll up/down

Two-finger swipe left-/right

Move among open Web or document pages

Two-finger swipe from right edge

Open Notification Center

Two-finger pinch or spread

Zoom in or out of a picture, PDF, or Web page

Two-finger rotate

Rotate photo or PDF

Two-finger double-tap (not click)

“Smart zoom” into Safari or Preview page

Three-finger swipe up

Mission Control

Three-finger swipe down

Show all windows in this app (Exposé)

Three-finger swipe left/right

Previous/next Spaces screen or full-screen app

Three-finger drag

Move window

Three-finger tap (not click)

Look up this word in Dictionary

Four-finger pinch

Open Launchpad

Four-finger spread

Reveal desktop (Exposé)

Magic Mouse Gestures

A few important gestures also work on the top surface of the Magic Mouse:

One-finger double-tap (not click)

“Smart zoom” into Safari or Preview page

Two-finger double-tap (not click)

Mission Control

One-finger swipe left-/right

Move between open Web or document

Two-finger swipe left/right

Previous/next Spaces screen or full-screen app